Important Symptoms of Covid-19 in Babies and Children
Kids of all ages can become ill with coronavirus disorder 2019 (COVID-19). But most kids who are infected typically do not become too sick as adults and a few might not show any symptoms at all. Know the signs and symptoms of COVID-19 in babies and kids, why kids might be affected differently by COVID-19 and what you could do to avoid the spread of the virus.
How likely is it for a child to become sick with coronavirus disorder 2019 (COVID-19)?
While most children are capable of getting the virus that leads to COVID-19, they do not become ill as often as adults.
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Children’s Hospital Association, at the U.S. kids represent about 13% of all COVID-19 cases. Research indicates that children younger than ages 10 to 14 are not as likely to become contaminated with the virus that leads to COVID-19 in comparison with people age 20 and older.
But some children become seriously ill with COVID-19.
In addition, children with underlying conditions, such as obesity, diabetes and asthma, might be in higher risk of critical illness with COVID-19. Children who have congenital heart disorder, hereditary illnesses or conditions affecting the nervous system or metabolism too might be at higher risk of serious illness with COVID-19.
Research also indicates disproportionately high degrees of COVID-19 in Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black kids than in non-Hispanic white kids.
Rarely, some kids might also develop a serious condition that appears to be linked to COVID-19.
Why do children respond differently to COVID-19?
The answer isn’t clear yet. Some experts suggest that children might not be as severely affected by COVID-19 because there are other coronaviruses that disperse in the community and cause diseases like the frequent cold. Since children often get colds, their immune systems may be primed to provide them with some protection against COVID-19. Some adults are getting sick due to their immune systems appear to overreact to the virus, causing more damage to their own bodies. This might be less likely to take place in children.
How are infants affected by COVID-19?
Babies under age 1 might be at higher risk of severe illness with COVID-19 than older children. This is likely because of their immature immune systems and smaller airways, making them more likely to develop breathing problems with respiratory virus infections.
Newborns may get infected with the virus that leads to COVID-19 during childbirth or from exposure to sick caregivers after ingestion. In case you have COVID-19 or are waiting for test results due to symptoms, it is recommended during hospitalization after childbirth which you wear a fabric face mask and have clean hands when caring for your furry friend.
Keeping your toddler crib by your mattress while you’re in the clinic is OK, but it’s also advised that you keep up a fair distance from your baby when possible. When these steps are taken, the risk of a newborn becoming infected with the COVID-19 virus is reduced. However, if you are severely sick with COVID-19, you may have to be temporarily separated from the own toddler.
Infants who’ve COVID-19 or who can not be tested and have no indicators might be discharged in the clinic, depending on the conditions. It is suggested that the infant’s caregivers wear face masks and wash their hands to protect themselves. Frequent follow-up with the baby’s health care provider is needed — by telephone, virtual visits or in-office visits — for 14 days. Babies that test negative for COVID-19 can be sent home from the hospital.
Can there be a COVID-19 vaccine for children?
The Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is available to people age 16 and older. Studies including younger children have also begun.
Children’s Symptoms of Covid-19
While kids and adults experience similar indicators of COVID-19, children’s symptoms are normally mild and cold-like. Most children recover within one to two weeks. Possible symptoms may include:
- Fever or chills
- Nasal congestion or runny nose
- Sore throat
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle aches or body aches
- Nausea or vomiting
- Poor feeding or bad appetite
- Brand New loss of taste or smell
- Belly pain
If your child has symptoms of COVID-19 and you think he or she may have COVID-19, call your child’s doctor. Keep your child at home and away from other people as much as possible, except to acquire medical attention. If at all possible, have your child use a separate bedroom and toilet from relatives. Follow recommendations from the CDC, the World Health Organization (WHO) and your authorities concerning quarantine and isolation measures as appropriate.
Factors used to choose whether to check your child for COVID-19 may differ based on where you live. In the U.S., the doctor will determine whether to run diagnostic evaluations for COVID-19 according to your child’s signs and symptoms, as well as whether your child has had close contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19. The health care provider may also look at analyzing if a child is at higher risk of serious illness.
To check for COVID-19, a health care provider uses a long swab to take a sample out of the rear of the nose (nasopharyngeal swab). The sample is then sent to a laboratory for testing.
Supporting Your Child During COVID-19 Nasal Swab Testing
When kids are ready to take a medical evaluation, they become more cooperative and compliant, which produces a positive working experience for them. This movie was designed to be viewed by kids as young as 4 years of age.
But kids also might have COVID-19, not show signs.
What’s multisystem inflammatory syndrome in kids (MIS-C)?
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in kids (MIS-C) is a severe illness where some areas of the body — like the lungs, heart, blood vessels, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, brain, eyes or skin — eventually become severely inflamed. Evidence suggests that many of these kids were infected with the COVID-19 virus previously, as revealed by positive antibody test results, indicating that MIS-C is due to an excessive immune reaction linked to COVID-19.
Possible symptoms and signs of MIS-C contain
If a child shows any emergency warning signals or is severely ill with different symptoms and signs, take your child to the closest emergency department or call 911 or the regional emergency number. If your kid isn’t severely sick but shows other symptoms or signs of MIS-C, speak to your child’s physician immediately for information.
COVID-19 prevention tips
There are numerous steps you can take to stop your child from accessing the virus which leads to COVID-19 and, even whether he or she will be sick, to prevent spreading it to other people. The CDC and WHO recommend that you and your family:
Keep your hands clean. Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that comprises at least 60% alcohol. Cover your nose and mouth with your elbow or a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Discard the tissue and wash your hands. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
Have your children clean their hands immediately after returning home, as well as after visiting the toilet and before preparing or eating meals. Prove young children how to get the soap between hands and all the way into the ends of the hands, including their thumbs as well as the backs of the hands. Invite your children to sing the whole”Happy Birthday” song twice (about 20 seconds) so that they spend time they need to get their hands clean.
Practice social distancing. Make sure your child and everybody in your family averts close contact (within about 6 feet, or 2 meters) with anyone who does not reside in your household. Since individuals without symptoms may spread the virus, preventing in-house playdates poses the lowest risk. Possessing rare in-person playdates with the same family or friend who is practicing preventive measures poses a moderate risk.
If you allow such playdates, hold them outside and make sure kids keep a distance of 6 feet away from each other. You can explain this distance to your kid as about the length of a doorway or an adult’s bicycle.
To lower your child’s risk of COVID-19, you may look at limiting involvement in actions that need shared equipment, including a basketball, or that can not accommodate physical distancing. Encourage your child to stay in contact with friends and loved ones through telephone calls or video chats.
Look at organizing virtual family meals, game nights or playdates to keep your child engaged.
Scrub and clean your house. Clean surfaces daily in common areas that are frequently touched, such as tables, doorknobs, hard-backed seats, light switches, remotes, electronics, handles, desks, toilets and sinks.
Also, clean places that easily become dirty, including a baby’s changing table, and surfaces your child often rolls, such as her or his bed frame, craft table, toy chest and toys. Use water and soap to clean toys that your child puts in his or her mouth. Make sure you wash the soap off and wash the toys.
Wash your child’s bedding and washable plush toys, as needed, from the warmest possible setting. Dry things completely. Clean your hands after handling your child’s belongings. If you’re caring for a baby with COVID-19, clean your hands after diaper changes or managing the baby’s bedding, bottles or toys.
Wear fabric face masks. The CDC recommends wearing cloth face coverings in public places, such as the grocery store, where it is hard to avoid close contact with other individuals. If a child is age two or older, have him or her wear a cloth face mask when around people who do not live in your household to prevent the spread of COVID-19 to others.
Don’t place a face mask on a child younger than age 2, a child with any breathing issues, or a kid that has a condition that will prevent him or her from being able to remove the mask with no help.
Additionally, keep up with your child’s well visits as well as vaccines. This is especially important for babies and young children under age two. Many doctors are using strategies to separate nicely visits from ill visits by visiting sick children in distinct areas of their workplaces or at different locations.
If your child is due for a well visit, talk with your child’s doctor about security measures being taken. Do not let fear of getting the virus which causes COVID-19 prevent your child from becoming his or her vaccines to stop other serious illnesses.
Following guidelines to avoid the spread of the COVID-19 virus could be particularly difficult for children. Stay patient. Be a great role model and your little one will be more likely to follow your lead.